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8 Famous Stainless Steel Monuments and Sculptures

We’ve picked 8 Famous Stainless Steel Monuments and Sculptures from around the world…

Unisphere
The Unisphere is a spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth, located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the borough of Queens, New York City. The sphere, which measures 140 feet (43 m) high and 120 feet (37 m) in diameter, was commissioned as part of the 1964 New York World’s Fair. The Unisphere is one of the borough’s most iconic and enduring symbols.

“Queens World Fair Unisphere” by Ian Irving is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Gateway Arch
The Gateway Arch is a 630-foot (192 m) monument in St. Louis, Missouri, United States. Clad in stainless steel and built in the form of a weighted catenary arch, it is the world’s tallest arch, the tallest man-made monument in the Western Hemisphere, and Missouri’s tallest accessible building. Built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States, and officially dedicated to “the American people,” it is the centerpiece of the Gateway Arch National Park and has become an internationally recognized symbol of St. Louis, as well as a popular tourist destination.

“Gateway Arch, St. Louis, MO” by Nicolas Henderson is licensed under CC BY 2.0

United States Air Force Memorial
Located in Arlington, VA, the United States Air Force Memorial honors the service and heritage of the men and women of the United States Air Force. The three stainless steel spires reach a height of 402 feet above sea-level. It is adjacent to the Arlington National Cemetery and overlooks the Pentagon.

“The United States Air Force (USAF) Memorial Arlington (VA) May 2015” by Ron Cogswell is licensed under CC BY 2.0

The Atomium
The Atomium is a landmark building in Brussels, originally constructed for the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair (Expo 58). It is located on the Heysel Plateau, where the exhibition took place. It is now a museum. Designed by the engineer André Waterkeyn and architects André and Jean Polak, it stands 102 m (335 ft) tall. Its nine 18 m (60 ft) diameter stainless steel clad spheres are connected, so that the whole forms the shape of a unit cell of an iron crystal magnified 165 billion times. Tubes of 3 m (10 ft) diameter connect the spheres along the 12 edges of the cube and all eight vertices to the center. They enclose stairs, escalators and a lift (in the central, vertical tube) to allow access to the five habitable spheres, which contain exhibit halls and other public spaces. The top sphere includes a restaurant which has a panoramic view of Brussels.

“The Atomium” by O Palsson is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Cloud Gate
Cloud Gate is a public sculpture by Indian-born British artist Sir Anish Kapoor, that is the centerpiece of AT&T Plaza at Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. The sculpture and AT&T Plaza are located on top of Park Grill, between the Chase Promenade and McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink. Constructed between 2004 and 2006, the sculpture is nicknamed The Bean because of its shape. Made up of 168 stainless steel plates welded together, its highly polished exterior has no visible seams. It measures 33 by 66 by 42 feet (10 by 20 by 13 m), and weighs 110 short tons (100 t; 98 long tons).

“Cloud Gate, AT&T Plaza, Millenium Park, Chicago” by Naotake Murayama is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Sibelius Monument (Helsinki)
The Sibelius Monument (Finnish: Sibelius-monumentti; Swedish: Sibeliusmonumentet) by Eila Hiltunen is dedicated to the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius (1865–1957). The monument is located at the Sibelius Park (Finnish: Sibeliuspuisto; Swedish: Sibeliusparken) in the district of Töölö in Helsinki, the capital city of Finland.


“Sibelius Monument, Helsinki” by jelm6 is licensed under CC BY 2.0

The Kelpies
The Kelpies are 30-metre-high horse-head sculptures featuring kelpies, standing next to a new extension to the Forth and Clyde Canal, and near River Carron, in The Helix, a new parkland project built to connect 16 communities in the Falkirk Council Area, Scotland. The sculptures were designed by sculptor Andy Scott and were completed in October 2013. The sculptures form a gateway at the eastern entrance to the Forth and Clyde canal, and the new canal extension built as part of The Helix land transformation project. The Kelpies are a monument to horse powered heritage across Scotland.

“The Kelpies” by amateur photography by michel is licensed under CC BY 2.0

The Steel Man
The Steel Man will be a 32 metre high sculpture and Interpretation Hub located in Rotherham (J34,M1), forming a landmark gateway to Yorkshire and the Sheffield City Region. The project began with a simple idea to create a landmark artwork and visitor centre that would act as a beacon for the Yorkshire region and a catalyst for change: The 32 metre high stainless steel sculpture and Hub will be built in Rotherham, a town steeped in the history of steel production for generations. The Steel Man will honour the people and places that forged this heritage of Steel and it will highlight the new technologies and specialised manufacturing that is helping to generate the northern powerhouse. Schools, Universities and other educational facilities have embraced the project which will stand as a totemic symbol of British manufacturing and innovation.

“The Steel Man” by Sheffieldicon is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

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The Benefits of Stainless Steel in Architecture


Image Via Pixabay  – Creative Commons

Stainless steel has been used as a construction material since the 1920s, so it is certainly not a new product. In fact, its rising popularity in recent years is testament to how suitable it is for use in the building industry, with uses ranging from roofing and safety railings to architectural cladding. It has also been shown, due to its use over so many years, to have a long lifespan, which is an important consideration in construction.

There are many benefits to using stainless steel in architectural designs. Firstly, it is strong, meaning that it is ideal for use as structural support, even when placed under high tensile stress. It is, therefore, now a popular choice for bridges, particularly for the areas of the structure that will be exposed to potentially harsh weather and environmental conditions. The first stainless steel bridge that was designed for vehicle use was the Cala Galdana Bridge, on the Spanish island of Menorca. It is also a popular choice for pedestrian bridges around the world. London’s Millennium Bridge, the first new pedestrian bridge to be built over the River Thames in over 100 years, is partially constructed from stainless steel. It was also the material of choice for the renovated underpass in Sartrouville, near Paris, France, which was completed in 2011. Being underneath the railway lines, it needed to be sufficiently strong to prevent collapse under the weight of the trains. Both the cladding panels and the rectangular support beams are constructed from stainless steel.

In addition to its high strength, stainless steel is also highly resistant to corrosion. This means that the structures are low maintenance, and unlikely to be damaged by exposure to rain or salt. This is especially important in coastal regions, where iron or steel that is not stainless is prone to rusting. The use of stainless steel instead removes the need for regular painting to protect the metal. The Helix Bridge in Singapore, which would be heavily exposed to salt water from the sea, is stainless steel in order to resist corrosion. Exhaust gases can also contain corrosive chemicals, especially when they combine with water vapour in the air. This was also one of the reasons for choosing stainless steel in the Sartrouville underpass.

There are many different types of stainless steel. Adding small quantities of a metal called molybdenum increases the resistance of the steel to corrosion, particularly to chlorides (usually in the form of sodium chloride, from salt water). This is beneficial in coastal areas and in large cities. It has been used for the exterior cladding of One Canary Wharf, London, most likely due to its corrosion-resistant properties.

Another advantage of stainless steel is its versatility. It can be made into almost any shape, giving it an exceptionally wide range of uses within the building and construction industry. It is not simply restricted to structural supports or flat sheets of exterior cladding, but can be used to create more unusual shapes instead. The architect Zaha Hadid made use of this feature in numerous designs, such as the University of Oxford’s Investcorp Building, which has fluid curves that have been used to connect two existing Victorian buildings. Frank Gehry also used this to his advantage when designing the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. Stainless steel’s ability to resist corrosion from air pollution was also undoubtedly a consideration here.

Making use of all of these advantages possessed by stainless steel is the Thames Barrier. Spanning the 520m width of the River Thames, the ten stainless steel piers make up one of the city’s most distinctive landmarks. High strength combined with a low need for maintenance is essential here, as its purpose is to prevent flooding in the city. It is constantly exposed to both air pollution and water, yet the stainless steel making up the structure has prevented any damage from occurring.

 

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NCTS Provides Stainless Steel Roofing Courses

National Construction Training Services (NCTS) provide Stainless Steel courses that are mapped to the National Occupational Standard and the Vocation Qualification. Their objective is to support those operatives who have neither a full competency nor an official roofing qualification, providing the opportunity to become qualified and helping them to convert their green CSCS card to the Blue Skilled Worker CSCS card. Successful completion of the BCP provides the attendees with a certificate of competency in the knowledge and understanding of product systems, health, safety and welfare at a recognised level in the industry.

The BCP is also aimed towards individuals with higher level CSCS cards who are looking to gain experience of using other products/systems, or those wishing to up-skill from one roofing discipline to another. Endorsed by CITB, NFRC, Competent Roofer, Roofing Industry Alliance and CSCS, following successful completion of their CSCS health and safety test, certificated BCP operatives are able to apply for a 3 years Red Experienced Worker CSCS card which will put them on the path to becoming competent and qualified. 

For further information visit the National Construction Training Services website at www.ncts.org.uk 

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What is Uginox Patina K44?

UGINOX Patina K44 is a bistabilized ferritic stainless steel with an electro-tinned coating on both sides. This ferritic stainless steel is K44 and belongs to the KARA range: it contains 18% chromium and molybdenum and is stabilized with titanium and niobium.

UGINOX Patina K44 weathers over time, acquiring a matt finish through natural patination giving a traditional rustic final appearance. UGINOX Patina K44 has the benefit of a high corrosion resistance, suitable for use in aggressive atmospheres.

Think Stabilised Stainless Steel !

Chromium is a key chemical compound, which basically gives stainless steel its corrosion resistance property. Indeed a chromium oxide is created on the material surface in contact with air and water. This layer repairs itself and therefore protects the surface.

Molybdenum reinforces its corrosion resistance.

Key strengths

  • Workable at low temperatures, including in mountainous regions.
  • Ease of soldering
  • Low thermal expansion coefficient: enables the use of long sheet lengths in single sections.
  • High corrosion resistance, suitable for use in aggressive atmospheres.
  • Nickel-free grade offering price stability over time.
  • 100% recyclable.

Applications

  • Standing seam roofing.
  • Self supporting roofing.
  • Cleated seam roofing.
  • Suitable for cold
  • Cold roof or warm roofs.
  • Gutters.
  • Roofing accessories.

 

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The History Of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel can be found everywhere, from the cutlery in our kitchens to almost every sector of the manufacturing industry. In fact when you consider its myriad uses its hard to imagine life without it, so it comes as a surprise to discover that it was only invented a little over one hundred years ago.
Celebrating its centenary in 2013, the invention of true stainless steel is widely attributed to Harry Brearley of Sheffield, UK. However, there are also many rival claims from all over the world to Brearley’s title, and in the preceding years, there were many previous attempts to create stainless steel, some of which came very close indeed.

As far back as 1820, scientists Stoddard and Farraday discovered iron-chromium alloys to be more resistant to damage caused by acids, and in 1872 Woods and Clarke patented an alloy which contained 30 – 35% Chromium and 2% Tungsten. Later, in 1875 French scientist Brustlein made a major breakthrough with the discovery that to successfully make stainless steel, the carbon content should be below 0.15%. Some would argue that these discoveries marked the beginning of the development of stainless steel. A process involving efforts by many scientists that would continue for twenty years until the next major breakthrough.

In 1895, Hans Goldschmidt invented an aluminothermic reduction process that allowed carbon-free chromium to be produced and opened the door for the next stage in the development of stainless steel. French scientist Leon Guillet also played a part, although possibly unknowingly as he worked on studies analysing iron, nickel and chrome alloys analysing their chemical composition but failing to note the potential for corrosion resistance. By 1909 work was going on on both sides of the channel, with Giesen in England and Portevin in France both studying what would now be regarded as 430 stainless steel.

In 1911, the final major pre Harry Brearley breakthrough was made when German scientists Monnartz and Borchers discovered that there was a connection between chromium content and corrosion resistance.

A year after this discovery, in 1912 Harry Brearley was given the task of finding an erosion resistant steel by a firearms manufacturer. During this process he experimented with different alloys, eventually discovering that some had not rusted to the extent of their counterparts. Brearly later went into business with an old school friend, Ernest Stuart who coined the name “stainless steel” after testing the material with a vinegar solution.

But what of the other contenders to the title? These include German Company the Krupp Iron Works who in 1908 produced a chrome and nickel steel hull for a yacht named The Half Moon. In the USA the title was claimed by Elwood Haynes who claimed he discovered a rustproof razor in 1911 and two scientists Becket and Dantzen who worked with ferritic stainless steels between 1911 and 1914.

Over the following 100 years, approximately 100 grades of stainless steel went on to be discovered.

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Stainless Steel A 100% Recyclable Product

Stainless steel is the “green material” par excellence and is infinitely recyclable. Within the construction sector, its actual recovery rate is close to 100%.

It is environmentally neutral, inert and when in contact with elements such as water it does not leach compounds that might modify their composition. These qualities make it a material which is ideally suited to building and construction applications: roofs, facades, rainwater recovery systems, domestic water pipes and swimming pools as well as bridges and pedestrian bridges.

Stainless steel’s longevity fulfils the requirements of sustainable construction. A suitable choice in terms of grade, surface finish, installation and maintenance guarantees the user unrivalled service life.

Construction components in stainless steel are delivered ready to install on site reducing pollution (noise, dust, etc.). Furthermore, during demolition, these can be salvaged for re-use in recycling, adding value.

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Privacy Policy

Privacy & Cookie Policy

Privacy Statement
At Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd) we are committed to maintaining the trust and confidence of our website visitors and customers by respecting, protecting and offering transparency regarding the data we gather and hold on you. The objective of this policy is to offer you an insight into how we collect and store your personal data that you have provided to us. We do not sell trade or rent our customer data under any circumstance.

If you have additional questions or require more information about our Privacy Policy, do not hesitate to contact us.

Website Privacy Policy
This privacy policy sets out how Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd)  uses and protects any information that you give Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd)  when you use this website.Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd) is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected. Should we ask you to provide certain information by which you can be identified when using this website, then you can be assured that it will only be used in accordance with this privacy statement.Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd) may change this policy from time to time by updating this page. You should check this page from time to time to ensure that you are happy with any changes.

What We Collect
We may collect the following information:

• Name and job title
• Contact information including email address
• Demographic information such as postcode
• Telephone Number
• (IP) address


What We Do With The Information We Gather

We require this information to understand your needs and provide you with a better service, and in particular for the following reasons:

• Internal record keeping.
• We may use the information to improve our products and services.
• We may periodically send promotional emails about new products, special offers or other information which we think you may find interesting using the email address which you have provided.
• From time to time, we may also use your information to contact you for market research purposes. We may contact you by email, phone, fax or mail. We may use the information to customise the website according to your interests.
 
Email Marketing
We use Mail Chimp as a provider to broadcast our Email marketing material. We utilise a double opt-in policy to ensure recipients want to hear from us. You can unsubscribe or update your marketing preferences at any time by simply clicking the links found in the footer of our email. Our Mail Chimp database is GDPR compliant.
 

Security
We are committed to ensuring that your information is secure. In order to prevent unauthorised access or disclosure, we have put in place suitable physical, electronic and managerial procedures to safeguard and secure the information we collect online.

How We Use Cookies

A cookie is a small file which asks permission to be placed on your computer’s hard drive. Once you agree, the file is added and the cookie helps analyse web traffic or lets you know when you visit a particular site. Cookies allow web applications to respond to you as an individual. The web application can tailor its operations to your needs, likes and dislikes by gathering and remembering information about your preferences.

We use traffic log cookies to identify which pages are being used. This helps us analyse data about webpage traffic and improve our website in order to tailor it to customer needs. We only use this information for statistical analysis purposes and then the data is removed from the system.

Overall, cookies help us provide you with a better website by enabling us to monitor which pages you find useful and which you do not. A cookie in no way gives us access to your computer or any information about you, other than the data you choose to share with us.

You can choose to accept or decline cookies. Most web browsers automatically accept cookies, but you can usually modify your browser setting to decline cookies if you prefer. This may prevent you from taking full advantage of the website.

DoubleClick DART Cookie

Google is one of a third-party vendor on our site. It also uses cookies, known as DART cookies, to serve ads to our site visitors based upon their visit to Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd) and other sites on the internet. However, visitors may choose to decline the use of DART cookies by visiting the Google ad and content network Privacy Policy at the following URL – https://policies.google.com/technologies/ads.

Some of advertisers on our site may use cookies and web beacons. Our advertising partners are listed below. Each of our advertising partners has their own Privacy Policy for their policies on user data. For easier access, we hyperlinked to their Privacy Policies below.

• Google

https://policies.google.com/technologies/ads

We also use Facebook to display adverts, promotions and news to customers who have previously visited our website in the last 90 days.

Links To Other Websites
Our website may contain links to other websites of interest. However, once you have used these links to leave our site, you should note that we do not have any control over that other website. Therefore, we cannot be responsible for the protection and privacy of any information which you provide whilst visiting such sites and such sites are not governed by this privacy statement. You should exercise caution and look at the privacy statement applicable to the website in question.

Controlling Your Personal Information
You may request details via our personal data protection officer for information which we hold about you under the Data Protection Act 1998. If you would like a copy of the information held on you please email Uginox (Associated Lead Mills Ltd) at info@associatedlead.co.uk

If you believe that any information we are holding on you is incorrect or incomplete, please write to or email us as soon as possible at the above address. We will promptly correct any information found to be incorrect.

 

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Aperam stainless steel in dramatic church transformation

Aperam stainless steel in dramatic church transformation

For the £5m restoration of Grade II-listed St Barnabas Church in Erdington architects Brownhill Hayward Brown specified a standing seam system across the entire roof span using Aperam UGINOX Top stainless steel. This takes on the matt grey appearance and traditional aesthetic of aged lead sheet through natural patination and is approved by English Heritage for use where there is a continuing risk of metal theft.

The church had been destroyed by fire in late 2007 as a result of an arson attack, with only the tower and perimeter walls left standing. The award winning design provides a sweeping stainless steel roof which ‘fuses’ a modern glass-fronted extension with the extensively restored Victorian structure. This provides a modern twist in the creation of a place of worship fit for the 21st century and a prime example of how modern architecture and good conservation practice can be integrated into a historically important ecclesiastical setting.

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Aperam stainless steel shingles for 80,000 sq. ft. M&S development

Architects Cooper Cromar specified stainless steel shingles for the 80,000 sq. ft. façade of Glasgow Fort retail park’s £45m Marks and Spencer store. Described by the architects as ‘an elegant stainless steel-clad box’, the store is located to the south of the park, its frontage forming a distinctive new entrance feature when approached from the motorway. The stainless steel is 0.6mm thick and is estimated as having saved around 18 tonnes in façade weight over an equivalent in zinc or copper.

The project brief was to closely match the existing building dating from 2006 so a 2K finish, one of the smoothest polished finishes, was selected. Its low surface roughness prevents accumulation of fine contaminants and formation of organic growth while providing a standard of corrosion resistance which is ideal for aggressive environments.

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UGINOX stainless steel roofs and façades for Fort William Gaelic School

A traditional standing seam system using Aperam UGINOX Patina K44 stainless steel was specified for the £7 million Fort William Gaelic medium primary school in Caol. A £36 million building programme saw three new primary schools built in the area.

Metal roofing and cladding specialist HL Metals undertook the stainless steel installation which extends from the roof into walls on buildings with both gabled and hipped roofs.

UGINOX Patina K44 is a ‘terne-coated’ bistabilized ferritic stainless steel with an electro-tinned coating on both sides. Ferritic grades offer greater price stability than austenitic grades through the absence of nickel but without compromising the metal’s high corrosion resistance. The inclusion of molybdenum also makes it ideal for coastal and aggressive environments and specifications without underside ventilation. The ‘terne-coated’ finish weathers to adopt a matt grey appearance which is reminiscent of lead but a low coefficient of expansion (half that of zinc) enables it to be used in long tray lengths.